Metropolis (altgriechisch μητρόπολις mētrópolis, wörtlich „Mutterstadt“) steht für: Metropole, allgemein eine bedeutende Stadt. Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten. Metropolis – die Stadt der Zukunft. Fritz Langs monumentaler Science-Fiction-Film verbindet visuelle Kraft mit einer Liebesgeschichte um die. Metropolis ist ein deutscher monumentaler Stummfilm des Expressionismus von Fritz Lang aus dem Jahr Schauplatz ist eine futuristische Großstadt mit.
Metropolis Metropolis Metropolenreporte
In der technokratischen Riesenstadt Metropolis leben Arbeiter und Oberschicht völlig isoliert voneinander. Arbeiter gelten als minderwertig und müssen in den Tiefen der Erde, wo es weder Sonne noch Freude gibt, vegetieren und wohnen in engen. Metropolis ist ein deutscher monumentaler Stummfilm des Expressionismus von Fritz Lang aus dem Jahr Schauplatz ist eine futuristische Großstadt mit. Metropolis (altgriechisch μητρόπολις mētrópolis, wörtlich „Mutterstadt“) steht für: Metropole, allgemein eine bedeutende Stadt. Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten. One of the few people above ground who knows about the world below is Freder's father, Joh Fredersen, who is the founder and master of Metropolis. Freder. In der Stadt Metropolis leben zwei Gesellschaften: Eine Oberschicht lebt in absolutem Luxus, während die Arbeiterklasse ebenso tief unterhalb der Stadt haust. Metropolis – die Stadt der Zukunft. Fritz Langs monumentaler Science-Fiction-Film verbindet visuelle Kraft mit einer Liebesgeschichte um die. Obwohl eine Frau das Drehbuch schrieb, zeigt Metropolis keine echten Frauen. Frauen werden nicht nur ganz wenig in dem Film gezeigt, sondern auch stark.
Metropolis – die Stadt der Zukunft. Fritz Langs monumentaler Science-Fiction-Film verbindet visuelle Kraft mit einer Liebesgeschichte um die. One of the few people above ground who knows about the world below is Freder's father, Joh Fredersen, who is the founder and master of Metropolis. Freder. In der Stadt Metropolis leben zwei Gesellschaften: Eine Oberschicht lebt in absolutem Luxus, während die Arbeiterklasse ebenso tief unterhalb der Stadt haust. Das europäische Kulturmagazin. Metropolis. Subscribe image. Eine Reise durch das künstlerische, intellektuelle und kulturpolitische Leben in Europa.
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The Union of Polish Metropoles Polish : Unia Metropolii Polskich , established in , is an organization of the largest cities in the country.
Currently twelve cities are members of the organization, of which 11 have more than a quarter-million inhabitants.
The Silesian Metropolis is an initiative of recent years attempting to unite a large conurbation into one official urban unit. Romania has one big metropolis, Bucharest with a population of around 2.
Moscow , the capital and largest city of Russia. Saint Petersburg , the cultural capital and the second-largest city.
Yekaterinburg , the fourth-largest city in the country. Moscow is the capital and largest city of Russia, with a population estimated at Spain has around 15 metropolitan areas with a population greater than , people.
The largest metropoles with populations greater than a million people are Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Sevilla.
The chief officer of the Metropolitan Police is formally known as the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis. Since six conurbations outside London have been known as metropolitan counties , each divided into metropolitan districts.
Other conurbations in the United Kingdom are also sometimes considered to be metropolitan areas, most notably the West Midlands centred on the city of Birmingham , West Yorkshire centred on the city of Leeds , Merseyside centred on the city of Liverpool , Greater Manchester and Greater Glasgow which make up the most densely populated areas in the British Isles outside London.
Statistics Canada defines a census metropolitan area as one or more adjacent municipalities situated around a major urban core where the urban core has a population of at least , It is also the heart of Canada's finance and banking industry.
In Mexico, the term metropolis is used to refer to an urban area of economic, political, and cultural importance. Mexico City represents all three factors as it is the country's capital and financial center with 27 million people.
Other metropolises are Monterrey and Guadalajara , both metropolitan areas with a population over 6,, inhabitants. In the United States, an incorporated area or group of areas having a population more than 50, is required to have a metropolitan planning organization in order to facilitate major infrastructure projects and to ensure financial solvency.
Thus, a population of 50, or greater has been used as a de facto standard to define a metropolis in the United States. A similar definition is used by the United States Census Bureau.
The bureau defines a Metropolitan Statistical Area as "at least one urbanized area of 50, or more inhabitants.
The Government of Australia defines a metropolitan area as any statistical division or district with a population of more than , By population the largest of these metropolitan areas is Sydney urban area population at Census of 5,, and the smallest is Darwin, Northern Territory Urban area population at census of , In Argentina, Buenos Aires is the principal metropolis with a population of around fifteen and a half million.
The primary metropolis in Chile is its capital: the city of Santiago , with a population of 7 million, living across its metropolitan area.
Santiago is the main political, financial, industrial, commercial, and cultural hub of Chile. The Lima metropolitan area is Peru's capital and largest city with over 10 million inhabitants, more than one third of the total national population.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the political definition of "metropolis". For other uses, see Metropolis disambiguation.
Not to be confused with Metropolitan area. A large and significant city or urban area usually with millions of inhabitants.
Skyline of Taipei metropolis. Skyline of Kaohsiung. Main article: Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey.
Main article: Sarajevo metropolitan area. Berlin is Germany's largest city. Main article: Metropolitan regions in Germany.
Main article: Metropolitan cities of Italy. Main article: Metropolitan areas in Poland. See also: Metropolitan areas in Romania. See also: List of cities and towns in Russia by population.
See also: List of metropolitan areas in Spain. See also: List of metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom. See also: List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas.
See also: List of cities in Australia by population. See also: List of Cities in Argentina. Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 6, Oxford Dictionaries.
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Retrieved December 4, City Population. August 8, Retrieved September 1, Retrieved July 22, Strelka Mag. It was this version which was the basis of all versions of Metropolis until the recent restorations.
In it was recopied and returned to Germany to be the basis of the Munich Archive restoration. Despite the film's later reputation, some contemporary critics panned it.
In The New Yorker Oliver Claxton called Metropolis "unconvincing and overlong", faulting much of the plot as "laid on with a terrible Teutonic heaviness, and an unnecessary amount of philosophizing in the beginning" that made the film "as soulless as the city of its tale".
He also called the acting "uninspired with the exception of Brigitte Helm". Nevertheless, Claxton wrote that "the setting, the use of people and their movement, and various bits of action stand out as extraordinary and make it nearly an obligatory picture.
Nazi propagandist Joseph Goebbels was impressed with the film's message of social justice. In a speech he said, "the political bourgeoisie is about to leave the stage of history.
In its place advance the oppressed producers of the head and hand, the forces of Labor, to begin their historical mission".
German cultural critic Siegfried Kracauer later wrote of Metropolis , "The Americans relished its technical excellence; the English remained aloof; the French were stirred by a film which seemed to them a blend of [composer] Wagner and [armaments manufacturer] Krupp , and on the whole an alarming sign of Germany's vitality.
Lang later expressed dissatisfaction with the film. The main thesis was Mrs. Von Harbou's, but I am at least 50 percent responsible because I did it.
I was not so politically minded in those days as I am now. You cannot make a social-conscious picture in which you say that the intermediary between the hand and the brain is the heart.
I mean, that's a fairy tale—definitely. But I was very interested in machines. Anyway, I didn't like the picture—thought it was silly and stupid—then, when I saw the astronauts: what else are they but part of a machine?
It's very hard to talk about pictures—should I say now that I like Metropolis because something I have seen in my imagination comes true, when I detested it after it was finished?
In his profile of Lang, which introduced the interview, Bogdanovich suggested that Lang's distaste for his film also stemmed from the Nazi Party's fascination with it.
Von Harbou became a member of the Party in She and Lang divorced the following year. According to Roger Ebert , " Metropolis is one of the great achievements of the silent era, a work so audacious in its vision and so angry in its message that it is, if anything, more powerful today than when it was made.
The website's critical consensus reads, "A visually awe-inspiring science fiction classic from the silent era. Lane Roth in Film Quarterly called it a "seminal film" because of its concerns with "profound impact technological progress has on man's social and spiritual progress" and concluded that "ascendancy of artifact over nature is depicted not as liberating man, but as subjugating and corrupting him".
Exploring the dramatic production background and historical importance of the film's complex political context in The American Conservative , film historian Cristobal Catalan suggests "Metropolis is a passionate call, and equally a passionate caution, for social change".
The original premiere cut of Metropolis has been lost, and for decades the film could be seen only in heavily truncated edits that lacked nearly a quarter of the original length.
But over the years, various elements of footage have been rediscovered. Two of these negatives were destroyed when Paramount reedited the film for the US market and the UK market.
UFA itself cut the third negative for the August release. Between and , the Staatliches Filmarchiv der DDR , with the help of film archives from around the world, put together a version of Metropolis which restored some scenes and footage, but the effort was hobbled by a lack of a guide, such as an original script, to determine what, exactly, was in the original version.
Moroder's version, which was made in consultation with the Munich Film Archive and their archivist, Enno Patalas ,  was tinted, featured additional special effects, replaced intertitles of character dialogue with subtitles and incorporated a soundtrack featuring songs composed and produced by Moroder and recorded with popular artists such as Freddie Mercury , Bonnie Tyler , Pat Benatar , Adam Ant and Jon Anderson instead of a traditional score.
It was the first serious attempt made at restoring Metropolis to Lang's original vision, and until the restorations in and , it was the most complete version of the film commercially available; the shorter run time was due to the extensive use of subtitles and a faster frame rate than the original.
Moroder's version of Metropolis generally received poor reviews, to which Moroder responded, telling The New York Times "I didn't touch the original because there is no original.
In August , after years of the Moroder version being unavailable on video in any format due to music licensing problems, it was announced that Kino International had managed to resolve the situation, and the film was to be released on Blu-ray and DVD in November.
In addition, the film enjoyed a limited theatrical re-release. The moderate commercial success of the Moroder version inspired Enno Patalas, the archivist of the Munich Film Archive, to make an exhaustive attempt to restore the movie in Starting from the version in the Museum of Modern Art collection,  this version took advantage of new acquisitions and newly discovered German censorship records of the original inter-titles, as well as the musical score and other materials from the estate of composer Gottfried Huppertz.
The Munich restoration also utilized newly rediscovered still photographs to represent scenes that were still missing from the film. The Munich version was 9, feet, or minutes long.
In Friedrich-Wilhelm-Murnau-Stiftung commissioned film preservationist Martin Koerber to create a "definitive" restoration of Metropolis by expanding on the Munich version.
Previously unknown sections of the film were discovered in film museums and archives around the world, including a nitrate original camera negative from the Bundesarchiv-Filmarchiv , as well as nitrate prints from the George Eastman House , the British Film Institute and the Fondazione Cineteca Italiana.
These original film elements, digitally cleaned and repaired to remove defects, were used to assemble the film. Newly written intertitles were used to explain missing scenes.
The restoration premiered on 15 February at the Berlin Film Festival , with a new score by Bernd Schultheis, performed live by the Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Berlin.
The running time is minutes at 24 fps, and it was released internationally on various DVD editions beginning in The safety reduction was intended to safeguard the contents in case the original's flammable nitrate film stock was destroyed.
Under the auspices of the Friedrich-Wilhelm-Murnau-Stiftung, Berlin's Deutsche Kinemathek and Museo del Cine, a group of experts, including Anke Wilkening, Martin Koerber, and Frank Strobel began combining the newly discovered footage with the existing footage from the restoration.
A major problem was that the Argentinian footage was in poor condition and had many scratches, streaks, and changes in brightness. Some of this they were able to overcome with digital technology, which would not have been possible in The reconstruction of the film with the new footage was once again accompanied by the original music score, including Huppertz's handwritten notes, which acted as the key resource in determining the places in which the restored footage would go.
Since the Argentinian print was a complete version of the original, some scenes from the restoration were put in different places than previously, and the tempo of the original editing was restored.
Organ discovered that the print contained scenes missing from other copies of the film. After hearing of the discovery of the Argentine print of the film and the restoration project, Organ contacted the German restorers; the New Zealand print contained 11 missing scenes and featured some brief pieces of footage that were used to restore damaged sections of the Argentine print.
It is believed that the New Zealand and Argentine prints were all sourced from the same master. The newly-discovered footage was used in the restoration project.
Two short sequences, depicting a monk preaching and a fight between Rotwang and Fredersen, were damaged beyond repair. Title cards describing the action were inserted by the restorers to compensate.
The Argentine print revealed new scenes that enriched the film's narrative complexity. The characters of Josaphat, the Thin Man, and appear throughout the film and the character Hel is reintroduced.
The restoration was premiered on 12 February at the Berlin Friedrichstadtpalast. Huppertz's score was performed by the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Frank Strobel, who also re-recorded it for theatrical and home video release.
The performance was a gala screening as part of the 60th Berlinale and had several simultaneous screenings. The Brandenburg Gate screening was also telecast live by the Arte network.
The restoration has a running time of minutes or nearly 2. The American copyright for Metropolis lapsed in , which led to a proliferation of versions being released on video.
Along with other foreign-made works, the film's U. Gonzales and as Golan v. Holder , it was ruled that "In the United States, that body of law includes the bedrock principle that works in the public domain remain in the public domain.
Removing works from the public domain violated Plaintiffs' vested First Amendment interests. The case was overturned on appeal to the Tenth Circuit ,  and that decision was upheld by the U.
Supreme Court on 18 January This had the effect of restoring the copyright in the work as of 1 January The film will remain under copyright in Germany and the rest of the European Union until the end of , 70 years after Fritz Lang's death.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Theatrical release poster by Heinz Schulz-Neudamm. Thea von Harbou Fritz Lang uncredited. Karl Freund Günther Rittau.
Release date. Running time. Silent film German intertitles. The Tower of Babel in Maria's recounting of the biblical story was modeled after this painting by Pieter Brueghel .
Giorgio Moroder Freddie Mercury. Giorgio Moroder P. These roles sometimes are incorrectly attributed to Brigitte Helm, since they appear just above her credit line.
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Archived from the original on 24 JuneGemeinsam können die drei alle Kinder über Treppen der Luftschächte gerade noch vor dem Metropolis retten, bevor die Spundwände nachgeben und die Wassermassen über die Arbeiterstadt hereinbrechen. Seither und bis galt die Originalfassung als verschollen. Etwa ein Viertel des Originals wurde anlässlich der Neufassung vernichtet. Mit ihnen, der inzwischen gefundenen Zensurkarte und der ebenfalls aufgetauchten Partitur der Original-Filmmusik gelang erstmals eine Version, die man zu Recht als erste Rekonstruktion des Originals bezeichnen durfte. Fredersen hatte die Maschinen-Maria beauftragt, Aufruhr zu stiften, um einen Vorwand zu haben, mit aller Härte gegen die Arbeiter vorzugehen. Als protonationalsozialistisch Merkmale Master Z: The Ip Man Legacy Nationalsozialismus vorwegnehmend bezeichnete der Filmkritiker Siegfried Kracauer den Film in seiner erstmals erschienenen Studie Von Caligari zu Hitler. Der Film war ein kommerzielles Fiasko: Er Hohe Wellen nach der Andrea Sihler am Enttäuscht macht G-Force sich M.Mobile.De Login auf den Weg. Auch in der rekonstruierten Version von fehlen gegenüber der Premierenfassung von Bildsequenzen, allerdings nur noch insgesamt rund 8 Minuten.