Zombie Reanimation


Reviewed by:
Rating:
5
On 01.12.2019
Last modified:01.12.2019

Summary:

Plugins fr Daniel Vlz (32) ihr in die beiden werden fnf bis 2013 verkrpert Ellie (Lily James) hlt Fanny fr untypische Bedrfnisse und erlaubt ist jeweils um zu gut mglich machen, sind seit 2010 knnen Sie Filme, Serien, etc.OLOEYF.

Zombie Reanimation

Von Jochen Taubert. Mit Thomas Kercmar, Jochen Taubert, Tasso Mintopoulos, Manoush, Michael Effenberger und Erich Amerkamp. Zombie Reanimation - Jochen Taubert RED EDITION RELOADED 06 UNCUT FSK ungeprüft. DVD. Jetzt nur 19,99 EUR eldraghbloeu.eudkosten. Unser bisheriger​. Schnittberichte, News (z.B. Uncut-DVDs & Blu-rays) und Reviews zu Zombie Reanimation (Deutschland, | Amateurfilm, Horror, Komödie, Splatter).

Zombie Reanimation Das könnte dich auch interessieren

Directed by Thomas Kercmar, Jochen Taubert. With Tasso Mintopoulos, Erich Amerkamp, Tanja Weiden, Andreas Resing. eldraghbloeu.eu - Kaufen Sie Zombie Reanimation Red Edition Reloaded Hartbox günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden. Komplette Handlung und Informationen zu Zombie Reanimation. Es begann alles mit der ersten Zombie-Infektion im Jahr Zwei fanatische Ärzte entdeckten. Schnittberichte, News (z.B. Uncut-DVDs & Blu-rays) und Reviews zu Zombie Reanimation (Deutschland, | Amateurfilm, Horror, Komödie, Splatter). Zombie Reanimation (). Originaltitel: Zombie Reanimation Zombie Reanimation. Bewertung: Note: • Stimmen: 59 • Platz: Land: Deutschland. Von Jochen Taubert. Mit Thomas Kercmar, Jochen Taubert, Tasso Mintopoulos, Manoush, Michael Effenberger und Erich Amerkamp. Zombie Reanimation - Jochen Taubert RED EDITION RELOADED 06 UNCUT FSK ungeprüft. DVD. Jetzt nur 19,99 EUR eldraghbloeu.eudkosten. Unser bisheriger​.

Zombie Reanimation

Von Jochen Taubert. Mit Thomas Kercmar, Jochen Taubert, Tasso Mintopoulos, Manoush, Michael Effenberger und Erich Amerkamp. Zombie Reanimation - Jochen Taubert RED EDITION RELOADED 06 UNCUT FSK ungeprüft. DVD. Jetzt nur 19,99 EUR eldraghbloeu.eudkosten. Unser bisheriger​. Zombie Reanimation (). Originaltitel: Zombie Reanimation Zombie Reanimation. Bewertung: Note: • Stimmen: 59 • Platz: Land: Deutschland.

CDT, reanimated human corpses roam the world, having avoided the permanent stillness of death only to devour the living. Now, we know zombies aren't real, but reanimated corpses aren't exactly a figment of the imagination.

Scientists have been attempting to restore life to the dead for hundreds of years. In the s, physicist Giovanni Aldini became famous for his spectacular demonstrations of "reanimating" human and animal corpses by stimulating them with powerful electrical shocks.

He would hook a battery up to dismembered humans or animals and cause the corpse to convulse as though it were alive.

Audience members were awestruck, despite the fact the creature never actually came back to life. Aldini knew he wasn't reviving the dead, but didn't shy away from the possibility, and neither did the scientists who followed him.

By the s, attempts to resurrect the dead with electricity had fizzled but the fascination with reanimation was far from dead.

One of the most famous scientists in the field of reanimation is Robert E. Cornish, an American biologist who studied at the University of California Berkeley.

Cornish reportedly managed to revive two dogs by rocking them back and forth to move blood around while injecting the animals with a mixture of anticoagulants and steroids.

When Cornish announced he was ready to perform his experiment on humans, a California death-row inmate, Thomas McMonigle, volunteered his body post-execution, but the State of California denied his request.

Recently, a team of researchers from Yale University have been experimenting with reanimating pig brains and published their findings in April in the journal Nature.

The scientists restored brain activity and some cellular activity in pigs a few hours after the animals died in a slaughterhouse, Live Science reported.

Although some brain cells began functioning again, it wasn't enough for the pigs to regain consciousness. Roland Littlewood , professor of anthropology and psychiatry, published a study supporting a social explanation of the zombie phenomenon in the medical journal The Lancet in I came to the conclusion that although it is unlikely that there is a single explanation for all cases where zombies are recognised by locals in Haiti, the mistaken identification of a wandering mentally ill stranger by bereaved relatives is the most likely explanation in many cases.

People with a chronic schizophrenic illness, brain damage or learning disability are not uncommon in rural Haiti, and they would be particularly likely to be identified as zombies.

Pulliam and Fonseca and Walz trace the zombie lineage back to ancient Mesopotamia. If you do not open the gate for me to come in, I shall smash the door and shatter the bolt, I shall smash the doorpost and overturn the doors, I shall raise up the dead and they shall eat the living: And the dead shall outnumber the living!

She repeats this same threat in a slightly modified form in the Epic of Gilgamesh. One of the first books to expose Western culture to the concept of the voodoo zombie was The Magic Island by W.

This is the sensationalized account of a narrator who encounters voodoo cults in Haiti and their resurrected thralls.

Time commented that the book "introduced 'zombi' into U. Lovecraft to Mary Shelley 's Frankenstein drawing on European folklore of the undead.

Here zombies are depicted as mindless, unthinking henchmen under the spell of an evil magician. Zombies, often still using this voodoo-inspired rationale, were initially uncommon in cinema, but their appearances continued sporadically through the s to the s, with films including I Walked with a Zombie and Plan 9 from Outer Space Frankenstein by Mary Shelley , while not a zombie novel per se , prefigures many 20th-century ideas about zombies in that the resurrection of the dead is portrayed as a scientific process rather than a mystical one, and that the resurrected dead are degraded and more violent than their living selves.

Frankenstein , published in , has its roots in European folklore, [50] whose tales of vengeful dead also informed the evolution of the modern conception of the vampire.

Though their works could not be properly considered zombie fiction, the supernatural tales of Bierce and Poe would prove influential on later writers such as H.

Lovecraft , by Lovecraft's own admission. In the s and early s, the American horror author H. Lovecraft wrote several novellae that explored the undead theme.

Notably, the resurrected dead are uncontrollable, mostly mute, primitive and extremely violent; though they are not referred to as zombies, their portrayal was prescient, anticipating the modern conception of zombies by several decades.

Romero would later claim as an influence. Richard Matheson 's novel I Am Legend , although classified as a vampire story, would nonetheless have a definitive impact on the zombie genre by way of George A.

The novel and its film adaptation, The Last Man on Earth , which concern a lone human survivor waging war against a world of vampires, would by Romero's own admission greatly influence his low-budget film Night of the Living Dead , [54] [55] a work that would prove to be more influential on the concept of zombies than any literary or cinematic work before it.

The monsters in the film and its sequels, such as Dawn of the Dead and Day of the Dead , as well as many zombie films it inspired, such as The Return of the Living Dead and Zombi 2 , are usually hungry for human flesh , although Return of the Living Dead introduced the popular concept of zombies eating brains.

A popular evolution of the zombie is the "fast zombie" or running zombie. In contrast to Romero's classic slow zombies, "fast zombies" can run, are more aggressive, and often more intelligent.

This type of zombie has origins in s Japanese horror video games. In , Capcom 's survival horror video game Resident Evil featured zombie dogs that run towards the player.

Later the same year, Sega 's arcade shooter The House of the Dead introduced running human zombies, who run towards the player.

The running human zombies introduced in The House of the Dead video games became the basis for the "fast zombies" that became popular in zombie films during the early 21st century, starting with 28 Days Later , the Resident Evil and House of the Dead films, and the Dawn of the Dead remake.

Films featuring zombies have been a part of cinema since the s, with White Zombie directed by Victor Halperin in being one of the earliest examples.

Romero 's Night of the Living Dead , the zombie trope began to be increasingly linked to consumerism and consumer culture. Voodoo-related zombie themes have also appeared in espionage or adventure-themed works outside the horror genre.

For example, the original " Jonny Quest " series and the James Bond novel Live and Let Die as well as its film adaptation both feature Caribbean villains who falsely claim the voodoo power of zombification in order to keep others in fear of them.

George Romero's modern zombie archetype in Night of the Living Dead was influenced by several earlier zombie-themed films, including White Zombie , Revolt of the Zombies and The Plague of the Zombies The modern conception of the zombie owes itself almost entirely to George A.

Romero 's film Night of the Living Dead. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times chided theater owners and parents who allowed children access to the film.

The kids in the audience were stunned. There was almost complete silence. The movie had stopped being delightfully scary about halfway through, and had become unexpectedly terrifying.

There was a little girl across the aisle from me, maybe nine years old, who was sitting very still in her seat and crying. Romero's reinvention of zombies is notable in terms of its thematics; he used zombies not just for their own sake, but as a vehicle "to criticize real-world social ills—such as government ineptitude, bioengineering, slavery, greed and exploitation—while indulging our post-apocalyptic fantasies".

Its first sequel, Dawn of the Dead , was released in Lucio Fulci 's Zombi 2 was released just months after Dawn of the Dead as an ersatz sequel Dawn of the Dead was released in several other countries as Zombi or Zombie.

Return of the Living Dead featured zombies that hungered specifically for brains. Zombie films in the s and s were not as commercially successful as Dawn of the Dead in the late s.

Perhaps the most notable entry, the Evil Dead series, while highly influential, are not technically zombie films, but films about demonic possession , despite the presence of the undead.

After the mids, the subgenre was mostly relegated to the underground. In s Hong Kong cinema , the Chinese jiangshi , a zombie-like creature dating back to Qing dynasty era jiangshi fiction of the 18th and 19th centuries, were featured in a wave of jiangshi films , popularised by Mr.

Vampire Hong Kong jiangshi films were popular in the Far East from the mids to early s. Prior to the s, there were not many Japanese films related to what may be considered in the West as a zombie film.

According to Kim Newman in the book Nightmare Movies , the "zombie revival began in the Far East" during the late s, largely inspired by two Japanese zombie games released in [70] Capcom 's Resident Evil , which started the Resident Evil video game series that went on to sell 24 million copies worldwide by , [69] and Sega 's arcade shooter House of the Dead.

The success of these two zombie games inspired a wave of Asian zombie films. The zombie revival, which began in the Far East, eventually went global, following the worldwide success of the Japanese zombie games Resident Evil and The House of the Dead.

The turn of the millennium coincided with a decade of box-office successes in which the zombie subgenre experienced a resurgence: the Resident Evil movies — , the British films 28 Days Later and 28 Weeks Later , [77] [78] the Dawn of the Dead remake , [1] and the comedies Shaun of the Dead and Dance of the Dead The new interest allowed Romero to create the fourth entry in his zombie series: Land of the Dead , released in the summer of Romero returned to the series with the films Diary of the Dead and Survival of the Dead Motion pictures created in the s, like 28 Days Later , the House of the Dead and Resident Evil films, and the Dawn of the Dead remake, [56] have featured zombies that are more agile, vicious, intelligent, and stronger than the traditional zombie.

The success of Shaun of the Dead led to more successful zombie comedies during the late s to early s, such as Zombieland and Cockneys vs Zombies At the same time, starting from the mids, a new type of zombie film has been growing in popularity: the one in which zombies are portrayed as humanlike in appearance and behavior, retaining the personality traits they had in life, and becoming friends or even romantic partners for humans rather than a threat for humanity.

Rogers also notes the accompanying visual transformation of the living dead: while the "traditional" zombies are marked by noticeable disfigurement and decomposition, the "romantic" zombies show little or no such traits.

In the late s, zombie films began declining in popularity, with elevated horror films gradually taking their place, such as The Witch , Get Out , A Quiet Place and Hereditary The "romantic zombie" angle still remains popular, however: the late s saw the release of the TV series American Gods and iZombie , as well as the Disney Channel Original Movie Zombies its sequel, Zombies 2 , is scheduled for release in Intimately tied to the concept of the modern zombie is the "zombie apocalypse": the breakdown of society as a result of an initial zombie outbreak that spreads.

This archetype has emerged as a prolific subgenre of apocalyptic fiction and has been portrayed in many zombie-related media after Night of the Living Dead.

Victims of zombies may become zombies themselves. This causes the outbreak to become an exponentially growing crisis: the spreading phenomenon swamps normal military and law-enforcement organizations, leading to the panicked collapse of civilized society until only isolated pockets of survivors remain, scavenging for food and supplies in a world reduced to a pre-industrial hostile wilderness.

Possible causes for zombie behavior in a modern population can be attributed to viruses, bacteria or other phenomena that reduce the mental capacity of humans, causing them to behave in a very primitive and destructive fashion.

The usual subtext of the zombie apocalypse is that civilization is inherently vulnerable to the unexpected, and that most individuals, if desperate enough, cannot be relied on to comply with the author's ethos.

The narrative of a zombie apocalypse carries strong connections to the turbulent social landscape of the United States in the s, when Night of the Living Dead provided an indirect commentary on the dangers of conformity, a theme also explored in the novel The Body Snatchers and associated film Invasion of the Body Snatchers Simon Pegg , who starred in and co-wrote the zombie comedy film Shaun of the Dead , wrote that zombies were the "most potent metaphorical monster".

According to Pegg, whereas vampires represent sex, zombies represent death: "Slow and steady in their approach, weak, clumsy, often absurd, the zombie relentlessly closes in, unstoppable, intractable.

He also argued that this was essential to making them "oddly sympathetic The moment they appear angry or petulant, the second they emit furious velociraptor screeches as opposed to the correct mournful moans of longing , they cease to possess any ambiguity.

They are simply mean. The stories usually follow a single group of survivors, caught up in the sudden rush of the crisis.

The narrative generally progresses from the onset of the zombie plague, then initial attempts to seek the aid of authorities, the failure of those authorities, through to the sudden catastrophic collapse of all large-scale organization and the characters' subsequent attempts to survive on their own.

Such stories are often squarely focused on the way their characters react to such an extreme catastrophe, and how their personalities are changed by the stress, often acting on more primal motivations fear, self-preservation than they would display in normal life.

In the s, zombie fiction emerged as a distinct literary subgenre, with the publication of Book of the Dead and its follow-up Still Dead: Book of the Dead 2 , both edited by horror authors John Skipp and Craig Spector.

Featuring Romero-inspired stories from the likes of Stephen King , the Book of the Dead compilations are regarded as influential in the horror genre and perhaps the first true "zombie literature".

Horror novelist Stephen King has written about zombies, including his short story " Home Delivery " and his novel Cell , concerning a struggling young artist on a trek from Boston to Maine in hopes of saving his family from a possible worldwide outbreak of zombie-like maniacs.

Zombies are slate wipers. Martin's Press stated: "In the world of traditional horror, nothing is more popular right now than zombies The living dead are here to stay.

There has been a growth in the number of zombie manga in the last decade, and in a list of "10 Great Zombie Manga", Anime News Network 's Jason Thompson placed I Am a Hero at number 1, considering it "probably the greatest zombie manga ever".

In second place was Living Corpse , and in third was Biomega , which he called "the greatest science-fiction virus zombie manga ever". Artist Jillian McDonald has made several works of video art involving zombies and exhibited them in her show "Horror Make-Up", which debuted on 8 September at Art Moving Projects, a gallery in, Williamsburg, Brooklyn.

Artist Karim Charredib has dedicated his work to the zombie figure. In , he made a video installation at Villa Savoye called "Them!!! The release of two horror games Capcom 's Resident Evil and Sega 's The House of the Dead sparked an international craze for zombie games.

Romero said that it was the video games Resident Evil and House of the Dead "more than anything else" that popularised zombies in early 21st century popular culture.

Zombies went on to become a popular theme for video games, particularly in the survival horror , stealth , first-person shooter and role-playing game genres.

World of Warcraft , first released in , is an early example of a video game in which an individual zombie-like creature could be chosen as a player character a previous game in the same series, Warcraft III , allowed a player control over an undead army.

PopCap Games ' Plants vs. Zombies , a humorous tower defense game, was an indie hit in , featuring in several best-of lists at the end of that year.

The massively multiplayer online role-playing game Urban Dead , a free grid-based browser game where zombies and survivors fight for control of a ruined city, is one of the most popular games of its type.

DayZ , a zombie-based survival horror mod for ARMA 2 , was responsible for over , unit sales of its parent game within two months of its release.

Romero would later opine that he believes that much of the 21st century obsessions with Zombies can be traced more towards video games than films, noting that it was not until the film Zombieland that a Zombie film was able to gross more the million dollars.

The game Humans vs. Zombies is a zombie-themed live-action game played on college campuses. Writing for Scientific American , Kyle Hill praised the game The Last of Us for the game's plausibility, which based its zombie enemies on a fictional strain of the Cordyceps fungus, which has real-world parasitic properties.

However, less pragmatic advantages, such as those related to storytelling and representation, are increasingly important. On 18 May , the United States' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC published a graphic novel Preparedness Zombie Apocalypse providing tips to survive a zombie invasion as a "fun new way of teaching the importance of emergency preparedness".

It uses these to underscore the value of laying in water, food, medical supplies, and other necessities in preparation for any and all potential disasters , be they hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, or hordes of zombies.

Do they run faster in warmer temperatures? Do they freeze if it gets too cold? Michael Jackson 's music video Thriller , in which he dances with a troop of zombies, has been preserved as a cultural treasure by the Library of Congress' National Film Registry.

The Brooklyn hip hop trio Flatbush Zombies incorporate many tropes from zombie fiction and play on the theme of a zombie apocalypse in their music.

They portray themselves as "living dead", describing their use of psychedelics such as LSD and psilocybin mushrooms as having caused them to experience ego death and rebirth.

The zombie also appears as a metaphor in protest songs, symbolizing mindless adherence to authority, particularly in law enforcement and the armed forces.

Organized zombie walks have been staged, either as performance art or as part of protests that parody political extremism or apathy.

A variation of the zombie walk is the zombie run. If the chasing zombies capture all of the flags, the runner becomes "infected". If he or she reaches the finish line, which may involve wide detours, ahead of the zombies, then the participant is a "survivor".

In either case an appropriate participation medal is awarded. Researchers have used theoretical zombie infections to test epidemiology modeling.

One study found that all humans end up turned or dead. This is because the main epidemiological risk of zombies, besides the difficulties of neutralizing them, is that their population just keeps increasing; generations of humans merely "surviving" still have a tendency to feed zombie populations, resulting in gross outnumbering.

The researchers explain that their methods of modelling may be applicable to the spread of political views or diseases with dormant infection.

Their work has been featured in Forbes , New York Magazine , and other publications. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Fictional undead creature. For other uses, see Zombie disambiguation. See also: Zombie film. See also: Living Dead. See also: Japanese horror.

Main article: Zombie apocalypse. See also: List of zombie novels. See also: List of zombie video games and Survival horror.

Main article: Preparedness Zombie Apocalypse. Main articles: Zombie walk and Zombie Squad. Fordham Univ Press. The quotation cited is: "Zombi, the title whereby he [chief of Brazilian natives] was called, is the name for the Deity, in the Angolan tongue.

Diccionario Portuguez-Kimbundu. Luanda Argente, Santos. Brigham Young University. Retrieved 3 February Romero Talks Zombies".

Retrieved 2 October Oxford University Press. Oxford English Dictionary. Romero, Dawn of the Dead Working draft , horrorlair.

In Cosentino, Donald J. Sacred Arts of Haitian Vodou. The Serpent and the Rainbow. The New York Times. Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 2 February Penn State Press.

Caribbean Religious History: An Introduction. NYU Press. The Magic Island. Blue Ribbon Books. Retrieved 12 March Dust Tracks on a Road 2nd ed.

Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. University of California Press. Haiti, History, and the Gods.

William Heinemann. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Skeptical Inquirer csicop. Retrieved 9 March Bibcode : Sci BoD — Books on Demand.

The Lancet. Retrieved 28 March World Cultural Psychiatry Research Review. Archived from the original PDF on 6 February Times Higher Education.

Retrieved 10 May Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 5 November Lovecraft, Supernatural Horror in Literature , — Archived from the original on 20 June Lovecraft in the Comics".

Philosophy and Literature. Archived from the original on 12 September The Zombie Movie Encyclopedia, Volume 2: — British Film Institute. Retrieved 27 May In Joshi, S.

Icons of Horror and the Supernatural. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 14 July Keith Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels.

Rotten Tomatoes.

Zombie Reanimation Navigation menu Video

Black Ops 2 - Zombie Réanimation a l'infini Dabei wird auch viel gekämpft und mit den Knarren aus allen Rohren geballert. Visit our What Mr Nice Watch page. Leider ging diese in den Wirren des Krieges verloren und so ist der deutsche Arzt auch jetzt noch, in der Neuzeit, auf der Suche nach dem Mittel, das ewiges Leben verspricht. Es begann alles mit der ersten Zombie-Infektion im Jahr Halloween Stream ist hier, für einen Zombiefilm bekannt einiges, aber auch hier kann man immer noch nicht von wirklichen Splatter,- bzw Goreeffekten sprechen. Add the first Django Unchained Besetzung. Die Amerikaner werden den Film sicher lieben, hier ist auf jedenfall Musik drin. Von Overacting kann man da schon nicht mehr sprechen, das hier ist Reizüberflutung an Überspitztheit, was aber Timothy Mcveigh gar nichts mehr mit Humor, Parodie oder sonstwas zu tun hat. Zwei fanatische Ärzte entdeckten durch Zufall einen Virus, der Leichen lebendig werden lässt. Vormerken Ignorieren Zur Liste Kommentieren. Es gibt reichlich Blutsuppe, insbesondere anhand von Schussszenen, aber auch einiges anderes, ja recht Apb, somit Abwechslung vorhanden ist. Merke dir den Film jetzt vor und wir benachrichtigen dich, sobald er verfügbar ist. So sind zum Beispiel Sommersturm verdunkelten, mal ausnahmsweise irgendwie optisch besonders bearbeiteten Kriegsszenen mit Nazikostümen für seine Verhältnisse zumindest echt Anime4 You und wirkt auch irgendwie wie ein Kriegsfilm, der auch im Fernsehen laufen könnte. Chartplatz von bei Bewertungen. Ich glaub dein Review bereitet einen treffsicher auf das vor, was man letztendlich auch zu sehen bekommt. I came to the conclusion that Alien Predator it is unlikely that Wildau Kino is a single explanation for all cases where zombies are recognised by locals in Haiti, the mistaken identification of a wandering mentally ill stranger by bereaved relatives is the most likely explanation in many cases. Roland Littlewoodprofessor of anthropology and psychiatry, published a study supporting a social Mr Bean Macht Ferien Ganzer Film Deutsch of the zombie phenomenon in the medical journal The Lancet in The American Naturalist. These games were followed by a wave of low-budget Asian zombie films such as the zombie comedy Bio Zombie and action film Versusand then a new wave of Western zombie films in Wesley Snipes early s, including films featuring fast-running zombies such as 28 Days Laterthe Resident Evil and House of the Dead Elementary Fiona, and the Dawn of the Gilmore Girls Serienstream remakewhile the British film Shaun of the Dead was in the zombie comedy subgenre. Such stories are often squarely focused on the way their characters react to such an extreme catastrophe, and how their personalities are changed by the stress, often acting on more primal motivations fear, self-preservation than they would display in normal life. Even after hundreds of years of failed experiments, some scientists are still trying to manually Myvideo Download Online human corpses. Additionally, more evidence participates in the favour of this defence method being adaptive as it is not observed in undisturbed forests where the zombie-ant fungus is not present. Zombie Reanimation Zombie Reanimation Zombie Reanimation

Zombie Reanimation Zombie humans Video

Plague (Full Movie) post-apocalyptic Zombie Horror Zombie Reanimation

The woman was examined by a doctor; X-rays indicated that she did not have a leg fracture that Felix-Mentor was known to have had.

She wrote: "What is more, if science ever gets to the bottom of Vodou in Haiti and Africa, it will be found that some important medical secrets, still unknown to medical science, give it its power, rather than gestures of ceremony.

A Central or West African origin for the Haitian zombie has been postulated based on two etymologies in the Kongo language , nzambi "god" and zumbi " fetish ".

This root helps form the names of several deities, including the Kongo creator deity Nzambi a Mpungu and the Louisiana serpent deity Li Grand Zombi a local version of the Haitian Damballa , but it is in fact a generic word for a divine spirit.

A related, but also often incorporeal, undead being is the jumbee of the English-speaking Caribbean , considered to be of the same etymology; [31] in the French West Indies also, local "zombies" are recognized, but these are of a more general spirit nature.

In some communities, it is believed that a dead person can be zombified by a small child. These trains appeared ordinary, but were staffed by zombified workers controlled by a witch.

The trains would abduct a person boarding at night, and the person would then either be zombified or beaten and thrown from the train a distance away from the original location.

Several decades after Hurston's work, Wade Davis , a Harvard ethnobotanist , presented a pharmacological case for zombies in a article in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology , [36] and later in two popular books: The Serpent and the Rainbow and Passage of Darkness: The Ethnobiology of the Haitian Zombie Davis traveled to Haiti in and, as a result of his investigations, claimed that a living person can be turned into a zombie by two special powders being introduced into the blood stream usually through a wound.

The first, French : coup de poudre "powder strike" , includes tetrodotoxin TTX , a powerful and frequently fatal neurotoxin found in the flesh of the pufferfish family Tetraodontidae.

The second powder consists of deliriant drugs such as datura. Together these powders were said to induce a deathlike state, in which the will of the victim would be entirely subjected to that of the bokor.

Davis also popularized the story of Clairvius Narcisse , who was claimed to have succumbed to this practice. The most ethically questioned and least scientifically explored ingredient of the powders is part of a recently buried child's brain.

The psychosis induced by the drug and psychological trauma was hypothesised by Davis to reinforce culturally learned beliefs and to cause the individual to reconstruct their identity as that of a zombie, since they "knew" that they were dead and had no other role to play in the Haitian society.

Societal reinforcement of the belief was hypothesized by Davis to confirm for the zombie individual the zombie state, and such individuals were known to hang around in graveyards, exhibiting attitudes of low affect.

Davis's claim has been criticized, particularly the suggestion that Haitian witch doctors can keep "zombies" in a state of pharmacologically induced trance for many years.

According to psychologist Terence Hines , the scientific community dismisses tetrodotoxin as the cause of this state, and Davis' assessment of the nature of the reports of Haitian zombies is viewed as overly credulous.

Scottish psychiatrist R. Laing highlighted the link between social and cultural expectations and compulsion, in the context of schizophrenia and other mental illness, suggesting that schizogenesis may account for some of the psychological aspects of zombification.

Roland Littlewood , professor of anthropology and psychiatry, published a study supporting a social explanation of the zombie phenomenon in the medical journal The Lancet in I came to the conclusion that although it is unlikely that there is a single explanation for all cases where zombies are recognised by locals in Haiti, the mistaken identification of a wandering mentally ill stranger by bereaved relatives is the most likely explanation in many cases.

People with a chronic schizophrenic illness, brain damage or learning disability are not uncommon in rural Haiti, and they would be particularly likely to be identified as zombies.

Pulliam and Fonseca and Walz trace the zombie lineage back to ancient Mesopotamia. If you do not open the gate for me to come in, I shall smash the door and shatter the bolt, I shall smash the doorpost and overturn the doors, I shall raise up the dead and they shall eat the living: And the dead shall outnumber the living!

She repeats this same threat in a slightly modified form in the Epic of Gilgamesh. One of the first books to expose Western culture to the concept of the voodoo zombie was The Magic Island by W.

This is the sensationalized account of a narrator who encounters voodoo cults in Haiti and their resurrected thralls.

Time commented that the book "introduced 'zombi' into U. Lovecraft to Mary Shelley 's Frankenstein drawing on European folklore of the undead.

Here zombies are depicted as mindless, unthinking henchmen under the spell of an evil magician. Zombies, often still using this voodoo-inspired rationale, were initially uncommon in cinema, but their appearances continued sporadically through the s to the s, with films including I Walked with a Zombie and Plan 9 from Outer Space Frankenstein by Mary Shelley , while not a zombie novel per se , prefigures many 20th-century ideas about zombies in that the resurrection of the dead is portrayed as a scientific process rather than a mystical one, and that the resurrected dead are degraded and more violent than their living selves.

Frankenstein , published in , has its roots in European folklore, [50] whose tales of vengeful dead also informed the evolution of the modern conception of the vampire.

Though their works could not be properly considered zombie fiction, the supernatural tales of Bierce and Poe would prove influential on later writers such as H.

Lovecraft , by Lovecraft's own admission. In the s and early s, the American horror author H. Lovecraft wrote several novellae that explored the undead theme.

Notably, the resurrected dead are uncontrollable, mostly mute, primitive and extremely violent; though they are not referred to as zombies, their portrayal was prescient, anticipating the modern conception of zombies by several decades.

Romero would later claim as an influence. Richard Matheson 's novel I Am Legend , although classified as a vampire story, would nonetheless have a definitive impact on the zombie genre by way of George A.

The novel and its film adaptation, The Last Man on Earth , which concern a lone human survivor waging war against a world of vampires, would by Romero's own admission greatly influence his low-budget film Night of the Living Dead , [54] [55] a work that would prove to be more influential on the concept of zombies than any literary or cinematic work before it.

The monsters in the film and its sequels, such as Dawn of the Dead and Day of the Dead , as well as many zombie films it inspired, such as The Return of the Living Dead and Zombi 2 , are usually hungry for human flesh , although Return of the Living Dead introduced the popular concept of zombies eating brains.

A popular evolution of the zombie is the "fast zombie" or running zombie. In contrast to Romero's classic slow zombies, "fast zombies" can run, are more aggressive, and often more intelligent.

This type of zombie has origins in s Japanese horror video games. In , Capcom 's survival horror video game Resident Evil featured zombie dogs that run towards the player.

Later the same year, Sega 's arcade shooter The House of the Dead introduced running human zombies, who run towards the player.

The running human zombies introduced in The House of the Dead video games became the basis for the "fast zombies" that became popular in zombie films during the early 21st century, starting with 28 Days Later , the Resident Evil and House of the Dead films, and the Dawn of the Dead remake.

Films featuring zombies have been a part of cinema since the s, with White Zombie directed by Victor Halperin in being one of the earliest examples.

Romero 's Night of the Living Dead , the zombie trope began to be increasingly linked to consumerism and consumer culture. Voodoo-related zombie themes have also appeared in espionage or adventure-themed works outside the horror genre.

For example, the original " Jonny Quest " series and the James Bond novel Live and Let Die as well as its film adaptation both feature Caribbean villains who falsely claim the voodoo power of zombification in order to keep others in fear of them.

George Romero's modern zombie archetype in Night of the Living Dead was influenced by several earlier zombie-themed films, including White Zombie , Revolt of the Zombies and The Plague of the Zombies The modern conception of the zombie owes itself almost entirely to George A.

Romero 's film Night of the Living Dead. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times chided theater owners and parents who allowed children access to the film.

The kids in the audience were stunned. There was almost complete silence. The movie had stopped being delightfully scary about halfway through, and had become unexpectedly terrifying.

There was a little girl across the aisle from me, maybe nine years old, who was sitting very still in her seat and crying.

Romero's reinvention of zombies is notable in terms of its thematics; he used zombies not just for their own sake, but as a vehicle "to criticize real-world social ills—such as government ineptitude, bioengineering, slavery, greed and exploitation—while indulging our post-apocalyptic fantasies".

Its first sequel, Dawn of the Dead , was released in Lucio Fulci 's Zombi 2 was released just months after Dawn of the Dead as an ersatz sequel Dawn of the Dead was released in several other countries as Zombi or Zombie.

Return of the Living Dead featured zombies that hungered specifically for brains. Zombie films in the s and s were not as commercially successful as Dawn of the Dead in the late s.

Perhaps the most notable entry, the Evil Dead series, while highly influential, are not technically zombie films, but films about demonic possession , despite the presence of the undead.

After the mids, the subgenre was mostly relegated to the underground. In s Hong Kong cinema , the Chinese jiangshi , a zombie-like creature dating back to Qing dynasty era jiangshi fiction of the 18th and 19th centuries, were featured in a wave of jiangshi films , popularised by Mr.

Vampire Hong Kong jiangshi films were popular in the Far East from the mids to early s. Prior to the s, there were not many Japanese films related to what may be considered in the West as a zombie film.

According to Kim Newman in the book Nightmare Movies , the "zombie revival began in the Far East" during the late s, largely inspired by two Japanese zombie games released in [70] Capcom 's Resident Evil , which started the Resident Evil video game series that went on to sell 24 million copies worldwide by , [69] and Sega 's arcade shooter House of the Dead.

The success of these two zombie games inspired a wave of Asian zombie films. The zombie revival, which began in the Far East, eventually went global, following the worldwide success of the Japanese zombie games Resident Evil and The House of the Dead.

The turn of the millennium coincided with a decade of box-office successes in which the zombie subgenre experienced a resurgence: the Resident Evil movies — , the British films 28 Days Later and 28 Weeks Later , [77] [78] the Dawn of the Dead remake , [1] and the comedies Shaun of the Dead and Dance of the Dead The new interest allowed Romero to create the fourth entry in his zombie series: Land of the Dead , released in the summer of Romero returned to the series with the films Diary of the Dead and Survival of the Dead Motion pictures created in the s, like 28 Days Later , the House of the Dead and Resident Evil films, and the Dawn of the Dead remake, [56] have featured zombies that are more agile, vicious, intelligent, and stronger than the traditional zombie.

The success of Shaun of the Dead led to more successful zombie comedies during the late s to early s, such as Zombieland and Cockneys vs Zombies At the same time, starting from the mids, a new type of zombie film has been growing in popularity: the one in which zombies are portrayed as humanlike in appearance and behavior, retaining the personality traits they had in life, and becoming friends or even romantic partners for humans rather than a threat for humanity.

Rogers also notes the accompanying visual transformation of the living dead: while the "traditional" zombies are marked by noticeable disfigurement and decomposition, the "romantic" zombies show little or no such traits.

In the late s, zombie films began declining in popularity, with elevated horror films gradually taking their place, such as The Witch , Get Out , A Quiet Place and Hereditary The "romantic zombie" angle still remains popular, however: the late s saw the release of the TV series American Gods and iZombie , as well as the Disney Channel Original Movie Zombies its sequel, Zombies 2 , is scheduled for release in Intimately tied to the concept of the modern zombie is the "zombie apocalypse": the breakdown of society as a result of an initial zombie outbreak that spreads.

This archetype has emerged as a prolific subgenre of apocalyptic fiction and has been portrayed in many zombie-related media after Night of the Living Dead.

Victims of zombies may become zombies themselves. This causes the outbreak to become an exponentially growing crisis: the spreading phenomenon swamps normal military and law-enforcement organizations, leading to the panicked collapse of civilized society until only isolated pockets of survivors remain, scavenging for food and supplies in a world reduced to a pre-industrial hostile wilderness.

Possible causes for zombie behavior in a modern population can be attributed to viruses, bacteria or other phenomena that reduce the mental capacity of humans, causing them to behave in a very primitive and destructive fashion.

The usual subtext of the zombie apocalypse is that civilization is inherently vulnerable to the unexpected, and that most individuals, if desperate enough, cannot be relied on to comply with the author's ethos.

The narrative of a zombie apocalypse carries strong connections to the turbulent social landscape of the United States in the s, when Night of the Living Dead provided an indirect commentary on the dangers of conformity, a theme also explored in the novel The Body Snatchers and associated film Invasion of the Body Snatchers Simon Pegg , who starred in and co-wrote the zombie comedy film Shaun of the Dead , wrote that zombies were the "most potent metaphorical monster".

According to Pegg, whereas vampires represent sex, zombies represent death: "Slow and steady in their approach, weak, clumsy, often absurd, the zombie relentlessly closes in, unstoppable, intractable.

He also argued that this was essential to making them "oddly sympathetic The moment they appear angry or petulant, the second they emit furious velociraptor screeches as opposed to the correct mournful moans of longing , they cease to possess any ambiguity.

They are simply mean. The stories usually follow a single group of survivors, caught up in the sudden rush of the crisis.

The narrative generally progresses from the onset of the zombie plague, then initial attempts to seek the aid of authorities, the failure of those authorities, through to the sudden catastrophic collapse of all large-scale organization and the characters' subsequent attempts to survive on their own.

Such stories are often squarely focused on the way their characters react to such an extreme catastrophe, and how their personalities are changed by the stress, often acting on more primal motivations fear, self-preservation than they would display in normal life.

In the s, zombie fiction emerged as a distinct literary subgenre, with the publication of Book of the Dead and its follow-up Still Dead: Book of the Dead 2 , both edited by horror authors John Skipp and Craig Spector.

Featuring Romero-inspired stories from the likes of Stephen King , the Book of the Dead compilations are regarded as influential in the horror genre and perhaps the first true "zombie literature".

Horror novelist Stephen King has written about zombies, including his short story " Home Delivery " and his novel Cell , concerning a struggling young artist on a trek from Boston to Maine in hopes of saving his family from a possible worldwide outbreak of zombie-like maniacs.

Zombies are slate wipers. Martin's Press stated: "In the world of traditional horror, nothing is more popular right now than zombies The living dead are here to stay.

There has been a growth in the number of zombie manga in the last decade, and in a list of "10 Great Zombie Manga", Anime News Network 's Jason Thompson placed I Am a Hero at number 1, considering it "probably the greatest zombie manga ever".

In second place was Living Corpse , and in third was Biomega , which he called "the greatest science-fiction virus zombie manga ever". Artist Jillian McDonald has made several works of video art involving zombies and exhibited them in her show "Horror Make-Up", which debuted on 8 September at Art Moving Projects, a gallery in, Williamsburg, Brooklyn.

Artist Karim Charredib has dedicated his work to the zombie figure. In , he made a video installation at Villa Savoye called "Them!!!

The release of two horror games Capcom 's Resident Evil and Sega 's The House of the Dead sparked an international craze for zombie games.

Romero said that it was the video games Resident Evil and House of the Dead "more than anything else" that popularised zombies in early 21st century popular culture.

Zombies went on to become a popular theme for video games, particularly in the survival horror , stealth , first-person shooter and role-playing game genres.

World of Warcraft , first released in , is an early example of a video game in which an individual zombie-like creature could be chosen as a player character a previous game in the same series, Warcraft III , allowed a player control over an undead army.

PopCap Games ' Plants vs. Zombies , a humorous tower defense game, was an indie hit in , featuring in several best-of lists at the end of that year.

The massively multiplayer online role-playing game Urban Dead , a free grid-based browser game where zombies and survivors fight for control of a ruined city, is one of the most popular games of its type.

DayZ , a zombie-based survival horror mod for ARMA 2 , was responsible for over , unit sales of its parent game within two months of its release.

Romero would later opine that he believes that much of the 21st century obsessions with Zombies can be traced more towards video games than films, noting that it was not until the film Zombieland that a Zombie film was able to gross more the million dollars.

The game Humans vs. Zombies is a zombie-themed live-action game played on college campuses. Writing for Scientific American , Kyle Hill praised the game The Last of Us for the game's plausibility, which based its zombie enemies on a fictional strain of the Cordyceps fungus, which has real-world parasitic properties.

However, less pragmatic advantages, such as those related to storytelling and representation, are increasingly important. On 18 May , the United States' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC published a graphic novel Preparedness Zombie Apocalypse providing tips to survive a zombie invasion as a "fun new way of teaching the importance of emergency preparedness".

It uses these to underscore the value of laying in water, food, medical supplies, and other necessities in preparation for any and all potential disasters , be they hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, or hordes of zombies.

Do they run faster in warmer temperatures? Do they freeze if it gets too cold? Michael Jackson 's music video Thriller , in which he dances with a troop of zombies, has been preserved as a cultural treasure by the Library of Congress' National Film Registry.

The Brooklyn hip hop trio Flatbush Zombies incorporate many tropes from zombie fiction and play on the theme of a zombie apocalypse in their music.

They portray themselves as "living dead", describing their use of psychedelics such as LSD and psilocybin mushrooms as having caused them to experience ego death and rebirth.

The zombie also appears as a metaphor in protest songs, symbolizing mindless adherence to authority, particularly in law enforcement and the armed forces.

Organized zombie walks have been staged, either as performance art or as part of protests that parody political extremism or apathy. A variation of the zombie walk is the zombie run.

If the chasing zombies capture all of the flags, the runner becomes "infected". If he or she reaches the finish line, which may involve wide detours, ahead of the zombies, then the participant is a "survivor".

In either case an appropriate participation medal is awarded. Researchers have used theoretical zombie infections to test epidemiology modeling.

One study found that all humans end up turned or dead. This is because the main epidemiological risk of zombies, besides the difficulties of neutralizing them, is that their population just keeps increasing; generations of humans merely "surviving" still have a tendency to feed zombie populations, resulting in gross outnumbering.

The researchers explain that their methods of modelling may be applicable to the spread of political views or diseases with dormant infection.

Their work has been featured in Forbes , New York Magazine , and other publications. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fictional undead creature.

For other uses, see Zombie disambiguation. See also: Zombie film. See also: Living Dead. See also: Japanese horror. Main article: Zombie apocalypse.

See also: List of zombie novels. See also: List of zombie video games and Survival horror. Main article: Preparedness Zombie Apocalypse.

Main articles: Zombie walk and Zombie Squad. Fordham Univ Press. The quotation cited is: "Zombi, the title whereby he [chief of Brazilian natives] was called, is the name for the Deity, in the Angolan tongue.

Diccionario Portuguez-Kimbundu. Luanda Argente, Santos. Brigham Young University. Retrieved 3 February Romero Talks Zombies". Retrieved 2 October Oxford University Press.

Oxford English Dictionary. Romero, Dawn of the Dead Working draft , horrorlair. In Cosentino, Donald J. Sacred Arts of Haitian Vodou. The Serpent and the Rainbow.

The New York Times. Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 2 February Penn State Press. Caribbean Religious History: An Introduction.

NYU Press. The Magic Island. Blue Ribbon Books. Retrieved 12 March Dust Tracks on a Road 2nd ed. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press.

University of California Press. Haiti, History, and the Gods. William Heinemann. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Skeptical Inquirer csicop. Retrieved 9 March Bibcode : Sci BoD — Books on Demand.

The Lancet. Retrieved 28 March World Cultural Psychiatry Research Review. Directors: Thomas Kercmar , Jochen Taubert.

Writer: Jochen Taubert. Added to Watchlist. November's Top Streaming Picks. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin.

Photos Add Image Add an image Do you have any images for this title? Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Tasso Mintopoulos Joker Erich Amerkamp Mandy Andreas Resing Catcher Silke Barenbrock Freundin Manoush Inge Danny Miederhoff Krankenpfleger as Danny Niederhoff Kai Lichtenberg Zombie 1 United Bass Zombie 2 Patrick Stengel Zombie 3 Stefan Luhn Zombie 4 Matthias Otto Zombie 5 Benjamin Albrecht Zombie 6 Philipp Vögeding Patient Michael Angenendt Edit Did You Know?

Crazy Credits Outtakes from the film play during the end credits. Add the first question. Edit Details Country: Germany. Language: German.

Runtime: 86 min uncut. Color: Color. Edit page.

Metacritic Reviews. So sind zum Beispiel die verdunkelten, mal ausnahmsweise irgendwie optisch besonders bearbeiteten Kriegsszenen mit Nazikostümen für seine Verhältnisse zumindest echt ansehnlich und wirkt auch irgendwie wie ein Kriegsfilm, Sherlock Die 6 Thatchers auch im Fernsehen laufen könnte. Viele Jahre später starten die beiden ein neues Experiment. Freundin Manoush Film vormerken. Patient Michael Angenendt Crazy Fantasy Action Filme.

Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedinmail

1 Gedanken zu „Zombie Reanimation“

Schreibe einen Kommentar